Applying Textures to an Oil Painting
Adding texture to a painting is a skill that any painter would desire to learn. This gives the painting a better
perception and artistic creativity to the art viewer. Here are a few ways to apply textures to a painting.
Some seasoned artists are very good at adding color to a solid medium and transferring weird designs. You can
use a whole bottle of color to the medium to thicken it and create raised line designs and swirls such as
The most important point to remember is that the thicker the medium, the more time it will take to dry.
Grit and sand
You will usually find mediums with silica and sand added to them. You can include silica in your mediums
to give them the extra control over the sandiness. The most vital point is to sift the sand if you do not want a
naturally ragged appearance. Sand is best for textures like landscapes or contrasting with flat colors when
If you are considering using stencils, you do not have to buy expensive ones especially when you have just
started to learn how to oil paint. You can actually make
your own stencils using thick material like cardboards or flexible plastics.
Using your imagination, you can come up with designs that you have lightly drawn and then cut them out with an
Exacto knife. After cutting out the desired shape, do not throw away the unused materials as you may find them
useful for later projects.
You can use a variety of combs with different tooth openings and sizes to create linear patterns commonly found
in nature. These are useful in making patterns of cloth or hair, creating abstract lines swirls and dotting with
You can create your own stamps using large buttons, fabric, shells, old pins and other material, which you do
not need to buy. When you look around your house, you can find many objects that are useful as stamps.
With these, you can use any color, make multiple patterns or just stamp once to make a statement. If the medium
is thick, then your stamp will also require more color to create a rough or jagged appearance.
Carving and cutting
You can cut out interesting patterns and shapes into a medium depending on what kind of medium you are using
while the medium is still wet. Carving on the other hand works well before you paint the color on top. This will
allow you to get a full shadow and highlighted appearance. Alternatively, you can carve out layers when the glaze
or paint dries to remove the some of the color.
You can use sanding to remove color when the texture’s layer of the medium dries. Sand it to remove the
hard edges before adding paint, as you
perform this task, remember is to wear a mask to prevent breathing in tiny particles that can cause health
issues over a long period of time.
Paper and cloth
You can press tissue papers or cheese clothes into a medium. This will leave a varying amount of texture on your
artwork. On the other hand, you can use cheeseclothes to create folds, which will dry hard and you can add them to
the painting canvas with more medium later.
Remember that colors may show through some of the cheeseclothes medium. You can finish up by glazing or painting
on top of the fabric. If the color disappears, you can blot it and bring back the texture.